Periodontal gum surgery

Periodontal gum surgery

A periodontal disease is an infection of the gum and bone. The infection is can be accompanied by swelling, redness, bleeding gums, loose teeth and bad breath. If not fully treated, it can lead to a host of complications. You may require periodontal gum surgery to fully resolve the infection


The types of gum surgery

There are different types of gum surgery and the process is usually differentiated based on the condition you are trying to treat. The popular types of gum surgery are listed below:  

  • Gingivectomy: done to remove overgrown gum tissue on the teeth  
  • Gingival flap surgery: done to reduce periodontal pockets i.e. deep spaces around the teeth caused by gum disease  
  • Gingivoplasty: done to reshape gum tissue. The procedure is majorly cosmetic as gingivoplasty is usually done on healthy gum tissue to improve the appearance  


The periodontal surgery procedure

Gum surgery is performed in an outpatient setting. Regardless of the type of surgery and the number of teeth effected, local anesthesia is always used.

The length of the procedure would ultimately depend on the nature of the procedure and the number of teeth involved. At the completion of the procedure, your dentist would suture your gums to facilitate the healing process.  


What’s the recovery process like?

Your surgery will heal within two weeks. You will be given analgesic You may be given analgesic medications to ease the pain. The usual self-care tips that come after a periodontal surgery include:  

  • Rinsing your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash to reduce the risk of infections  
  • Avoiding any form of strain on the mouth  
  • Eating soft foods  
  • Brushing gently   

Your dentist will schedule an appointment within one or two weeks post periodontal surgery. Depending on how well your gum has healed, your dentist may remove the suture during this appointment.  

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